Ground motion input for nonlinear response history analysis

Practical limitations of NZS 1170.5 and comparison to US standards

  • Gareth J. Morris Holmes Consulting, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • Andrew J. Thompson Holmes Consulting Group, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • James N. Dismuke Golder Associates, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • Brendon A. Bradley University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4450-314X

Abstract

Nonlinear response history analysis (NLRHA), or so-called “nonlinear time history analysis”, is adopted by practicing structural engineers who implement performance-based seismic design and/or assessment procedures. One important aspect in obtaining reliable output from the NLRHA procedure is the input ground motion records. The underlying intention of ground motion selection and amplitude-scaling procedures is to ensure the input for NLRHA is representative of the ground shaking hazard level, for a given site and structure.

The purpose of this paper is to highlight the salient limitations of the ground motion selection and scaling requirements in Sections 5.5 and 6.4 of the New Zealand (NZ) loading standard NZS 1170.5 (2004). From a NZ regulatory perspective; there is no specific framework for seismic hazard analysis and ground motion selection (thus self-regulation is the current norm). In contrast, NZS 1170.5 contains many prescriptive requirements for scaling and applying records which are challenging to satisfy in practice. Also discussed within, there are implications for more modern guidance documents in NZ, such as the 2017 “Assessment Guidelines” for existing buildings, which cite NZS 1170.5, a standard which is at least 16 years old (draft issued in 2002). To emphasize the above issues with NZS 1170.5, this paper presents a summary of the more contemporary approaches in the US standards ASCE 7-16 (new buildings) and ASCE 41-17 (existing buildings), along with some examples of the more stringent US requirements for Tall Buildings.

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Published
2019-09-30
How to Cite
Morris, G. J., Thompson, A. J., Dismuke, J. N., & Bradley, B. A. (2019). Ground motion input for nonlinear response history analysis. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 52(3), 119-133. https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.52.3.119-133
Section
Articles

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