Customising semi-active resetable device behaviour for abating seismic structural response
Semi-active resetable actuators have been shown to be capable of significantly improving seismic structural response and customising structural hysteresis loops to reduce both displacement and base shear demands. Hence, device behaviour and dynamics can be tailored to the application. However, the maximum forces produced, in particular with air as the working fluid, can be a limiting factor to avoid extreme device sizes. This investigation incorporates an actively controlled (stored) high-pressure air source to enhance the capabilities of such resetable devices. The devices are designed using a validated non-linear model incorporating the dynamics and non-linearities of the working fluid, valves, sensor lags and computational limitations. Initial simulations show 100-600% increases in the peak device forces, with 100% obtained when the initial pressure is doubled. In addition, the high pressure source allows greater manipulation of the device behaviour and response. This additional flexibility enables, for example, devices that are more resistant or resist differently in opposing directions. The impact of device enhancements over standard resetable devices is then demonstrated experimentally. This paper extends these novel resetable devices to create more flexible and actively controlled devices for semi-active structural control. Finally, a “net-zero base shear design” concept is presented, where the added damping reaction forces are exactly offset by structural response reductions to give large displacement reductions with no overall change to base shear forces – maximising control with no impact on the foundations.
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Copyright (c) 2009 Geoffrey W. Rodgers, J. Geoffrey Chase, Kerry J. Mulligan, John B. Mander, Rodney B. Elliott
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