Science to emergency management response

Kaikōura Earthquakes 2016

Abstract

The M7.8 Kaikōura Earthquake in 2016 presented a number of challenges to science agencies and institutions throughout New Zealand. The earthquake was complex, with 21 faults rupturing throughout the North Canterbury and Marlborough landscape, generating a localised seven metre tsunami and triggering thousands of landslides. With many areas isolated as a result, it presented science teams with logistical challenges as well as the need to coordinate efforts across institutional and disciplinary boundaries. Many research disciplines, from engineering and geophysics to social science, were heavily involved in the response. Coordinating these disciplines and institutions required significant effort to assist New Zealand during its most complex earthquake yet recorded. This paper explores that effort and acknowledges the successes and lessons learned by the teams involved.

References

Hamling IJ, Hreinsdóttir S, Clark K, Elliott J, Liang C, Fielding E, Litchfield N, Villamor P, Wallace L, Wright TJ, D’Anastasio E, Bannister S, Burbidge D, Denys P, Gentle P, Howarth J, Mueller C, Palmer N, Pearson C, Power W, Barnes P, Barrell DJA, Van Dissen R, Langridge R, Little T, Nicol A, Pettinga J, Rowland J and Stirling M, (2017). “Complex multifault rupture during the 2016, 7.8 Kaikōura earthquake, New Zealand”. Science, DOI: 10.1126/science.aam7194.

Kaiser A, Balfour N, Fry B, Holden C, Litchfield N, Gerstenberger M, D’Anastasio E, Horspool N, McVerry G, Ristau J, Bannister S, Christophersen A, Clark K, Power W, Rhoades D, Massey C, Hamling I, Wallace L, Mountjoy J, Kaneko Y, Benites R, Van Houtte C, Dellow S, Wotherspoon L, Elwood K and Gledhill K (2017). “The Kaikōura (New Zealand) earthquake: preliminary seismological report”. Seismological Research Letters, 88(3) DOI:10.1785/0220170018.

Bradley BA, Razafindrakoto HNT and Nazer MA (2017). “Strong ground motion observations of engineering interest from the 14 November 2016 Mw7.8 Kaikōura, New Zealand earthquake”. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 50(2): 85-93.

Ronan KR, Paton D, Johnston DM and Houghton BF (2000). “Managing societal uncertainty in volcanic hazards: a multidisciplinary approach”. Disaster Prevention and Management, 9(5): 339-349.

Drabek TE (2007). Community Processes: Coordination. In H. Rodriguez, E. L. Quarantelli, & R. R. Dynes (Eds.), Handbook of Disaster Research (pp. 217–233). New York, NY.

Johnson LA and Mamula-Seadon L (2014). “Transforming governance: How national policies and organizations for managing disaster recovery evolved following the 4 September 2010 and 22 February 2011 Canterbury earthquakes”. Earthquake Spectra, 30(1): 577–605.

MCDEM (2015). The Guide to the National Civil Defence Emergency Management Plan 2015, ISBN 0-478-25470-0, www.civildefence.govt.nz

Helm P (2009). “A Systems Approach to Security Management”. Tephra, 22: 64–70.

Helm P (1996). “Integrated Risk Management for Natural and Technological Disasters”. Tephra, 15(1): 5–19.

Smith R (2009). “Research, Science and Emergency Management: Partnering for Resilience”. Tephra, 22: 71– 78.

New Zealand Government (1992). Crown Research Institutes Act. http://www.legislation.govt.nz.

New Zealand Government (2015). National Civil Defence Emergency Management Plan Order. http://www.legislation.govt.nz.

NHRP (Natural Hazards Research Platform) (2009). “Natural hazards platform—Interim research strategy”. http://www.naturalhazards.org.nz/NHRP/Publications/Establishment-Strategy.

Beaven S, Wilson T, Johnston J, Johnston D and Smith R (2016). “Research engagement after disasters: research coordination before, during and after the 2011-2012 Canterbury Earthquake Sequence, New Zealand”. Earthquake Spectra, 32(2): 713-735.

Beaven S, Wilson T, Johnston L, Johnston D and Smith R (2016). “The role of boundary organisation after disasters: New Zealand’s Natural Hazards Research Platform and the 2010-2011 Canterbury Earthquake Sequence”. Natural Hazards Review, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)NH.1527-6996.0000202.

National Crisis Management Centre (2016). “NCMC Sitrep001”. Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management, Wellington, New Zealand.

National Crisis Management Centre (2016). “NCMC Sitrep002”. Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management, Wellington, New Zealand.

National Crisis Management Centre (2016). “NCMC Sitrep003”. Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management, Wellington, New Zealand.

National Crisis Management Centre (2016). “NCMC Sitrep004”. Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management, Wellington, New Zealand.

National Crisis Management Centre (2016). “NCMC Sitrep005”. Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management, Wellington, New Zealand.

National Crisis Management Centre (2016). NCMC Sitrep008. Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management, Wellington, New Zealand.

New Zealand Government (2015). “Health and Safety at Work Act”. http://www.legislation.govt.nz.

Hedlund K (2017). “People in Disasters Conference 2016: Learning Report’. RHISE and Canterbury District Health Board. http://trauma.massey.ac.nz/conference/PID_Learning_Report_2017.pdf

Morgan J, Begg A, Beaven S, Schluter P, Jamieson K, Johal S and Sparrow M (2015). “Monitoring wellbeing during recovery from the 2010–2011 Canterbury earthquakes: the CERA Wellbeing Survey”. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 14: 96-103.

National Crisis Management Centre (2016). “NCMC Sitrep009”, Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management, Wellington, New Zealand.

New Zealand Government (1986). “Residential Tenancies Act”. http://www.legislation.govt.nz.

New Zealand Government (2017). “Gazette notice 2017; go682”, http://www.legislation.govt.nz.

Brunsdon D, Elwood KJ and Hare J (2017). “Engineering Assessment Processes for Wellington Buildings Following the November 2016 Kaikōura Earthquakes”. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 50(2): 338-342.

New Zealand Government (2010). “Canterbury Earthquake Response and Recovery Act”. http://www.legislation.govt.nz.

Jordan TH, Marzocchi W, Michael AJ and Gerstenberger MC (2014). “Operational Earthquake Forecasting can enhance earthquake preparedness”. Seismological Research Letters, 85(5): 955-959. doi:10.1785/0220140143.

Christophersen A, Rhoades DA, Gerstenberger MC, Bannister S, Becker J, Potter SH and McBride S (2017). “Progress and challenges in operational earthquake forecasting in New Zealand”. New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering Annual Technical conference, Wellington, New Zealand, 27-29 April 2017.

Becker JS, Potter SH, Doyle EE, Wein A and Ratliff J (2015). “Aftershock communication during the Canterbury Earthquakes, New Zealand: Implications for response and recovery in the built environment”. New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering Annual Technical Conference. Rotorua, New Zealand, 10-12 April.

Wein A, Potter S, Johal S, Doyle EE and Becker J (2015). “Communicating with the public during an earthquake sequence: Improving communication of geoscience by coordinating roles”. Seismological Research Letters, 87(1). doi: 10.1785/0220150113.

Doyle EEH and Potter SH (2016). “Methodology for the Development of a Probability Translation Table for GeoNet”. Client Report 2015/67, Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences Ltd, Lower Hutt: 18 pp.

Budescu DV, Broomell S and Por HH (2009). “Improving communication of uncertainty in the reports of the intergovernmental panel on climate change”. Psychological Science, 20(3): 299-308.

Published
2017-06-30
How to Cite
Woods, R. J., McBride, S. K., Wotherspoon, L. M., Beavan, S., Potter, S. H., Johnston, D. M., Wilson, T. M., Brunsdon, D., Grace, E. S., Brackley, H., & Becker, J. S. (2017). Science to emergency management response. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 50(2), 329-337. https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.50.2.329-337
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)